When did randori start?
'The randori of today began sometime between the reign of the 9th shogun Tokugawa Ieshige (1745-59) and the 11th shogun Tokugawa Ienari (1787-1836). The value of randori was acknowledged to a greater degree with the encouargement of the government's Kobusho (martial arts training school) established in the Ansei period (1854-59).'
Sakuraba Sensei 8th Dan, writing in Randori: History & Method (Japanese Education, Essentials of Judo). (Published by Baifukan, 1940).
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